Handbook on Children Recruited and Exploited by Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups: The Role of the Justice System
In the past few years, the international community has been increasingly confronted with the recruitment and exploitation of children by terrorist and violent extremist groups. Numerous reports have shed some light on the extent of this disturbing phenomenon. Estimates indicate that, since 2009, about 8,000 children have been recruited and used by Boko Haram in Nigeria.1 According to a report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, some boys have been forced to attack their own families to demonstrate loyalty to Boko Haram, while girls have been forced to marry, clean, cook and carry equipment and weapons.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights received consistent reports that some boys and girls were increasingly being used as human shields and to detonate bombs. In May 2015, for example, a girl about 12 years old was used to detonate a bomb at a bus station in Damaturu, Yobe State, killing seven people. Similar incidents were reported in Cameroon and the Niger. During attacks by Boko Haram, abducted boys were used to identify those who refused to join the group, as well as unmarried women and girls.
Preventing Terrorism and Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terrorism: A Community-Policing Approach
Terrorism is a denial of democracy and of human rights, which are at the very core of the OSCE. No country in the OSCE area or beyond is immune to the threat of terrorism: it is real, pervasive and multifaceted, but it should be carefully assessed to ensure that it is neither exaggerated nor minimized. The state has the obligation and primary responsibility to prevent and combat terrorism, as well as to respect and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. However, the state needs to draw on the support of society in general, including civil society and businesses, to successfully counter this phenomenon.
This guidebook provides policy guidance on central issues that can have an impact on the success or failure of police efforts to harness a communitypolicing approach to preventing terrorism and countering VERLT.
In early 2016, a cache of Islamic State (IS) foreign terrorist fighter (FTF) records was leaked. It was subsequently obtained by a handful of media outlets and academic institutions, including the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) at King’s College London, where I spent a year and a half working as a Visiting Research Fellow. This report takes an in-depth look at the leaked documents, focusing in particular on the citizens and residents who originated in Saudi Arabia. (more…)
The ability to distinguish extremist propaganda, violent media-leading xenophobia and hate speech in information consumed will help young users to become resistant to radical narratives.
The report “New Media Culture and Information Literacy as an Early Warning of the Radicalization of Youth” offers recommendations and educational methods for training young users.
This report treats developments in the violent extremist and terrorist online scenes in the 12-month period from 1 December 2017 to 30 November 2018. (more…)
This updated report is an evaluation of the results, practices, challenges and lessons learned of a Preventing Violent Extremism through Education (PVE-E) workshop hosted by Hedayah, UNESCO IICBA, UNESCO office in Kampala, and the Ministry of Education and Sport of the Republic of Uganda in Kampala, Uganda from 23-25 January 2018. (more…)
The practical guide “How to avoid propaganda of extremism” in the Kyrgyz and Russian languages was developed by experts of the School of Peacekeeping and Media Technologies in Central Asia, especially for journalists.
The manual was prepared on the basis of a media content study conducted by experts from the School of Peacemaking and Media Technologies in Central Asia as part of the project “Fighting the promotion of violent extremism through media and raising awareness” with financial support from the Democratic Commission of the US Embassy in the Kyrgyz Republic.
The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) is an independent body of the US government, established on a bipartisan basis in accordance with the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) of 1998. The Commission monitors the observance of the universal right to freedom of religion and belief abroad. Using international standards to monitor violations of freedom of religion and belief abroad, the Commission develops policy recommendations for the president, secretary of state, and US Congress. (more…)